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Table 1 Baseline demographics of participants in included studies

From: To stimulate or not to stimulate? A rapid systematic review of repetitive sensory stimulation for the upper-limb following stroke

Author/s, year (n=) Gender (F:M) Age (years) Time since stroke Baseline arm function Stroke severity (NIHSS) PEDro Score (/10)
Celnik et al., 2007 [12] (9) 6:3 Entire cohort: 55.2 ± 14.3 Chronic:
3.2 ± 1.6 years post stroke
JTHFT = 48 ± 9.3
FM UEA = 93.0 ± 1
7
Conforto et al., 2010 [11] (22) Suprasensory group: 6:5
Subsensory group: 5:6
RSS group: 59.3 ± 1.4
Sham: 64.2 ± 3.7
Early sub-acute:
RSS group: 53.1 ± 1.8
Sham: 53.5 ± 2.6
(days post stroke)
JTHFT
Suprasensory: 83.3 (65–93.5)
Subsensory: 90.9 (67.7–93.5)
Pinch force
RSS: 4 (1–8)
Sham:3 (0–9)
9
Conforto et al., 2007 [29] (11) 7:4 Entire cohort: 39.9 ± 4.2 Chronic:
4.3 ± 0.7 years post-stroke
JTHFT
RSS: 89.9 (50.7–247.2)
Control: 91 (40.9–215.7)
2 (1–5) 7
Conforto et al., 2002 [30] (8) 1:7 Entire cohort: 65 (38–81) Chronic:
5 years 6 months post-stroke (range: 14 months-7 years)
Pinch force (N)
RSS: 49.7 ± 8.09 N
Control: 54.4 ± 10.6 N
7
Ghaziani, et al. 2018 [10] (102) Low-dose group: 1:1
High-dose group: 1:1
Low-dose group: median (Q1–Q3) 71 (64–80) years
High-dose group: median (Q1–Q3) 72 (64–79) years
Acute:
Within 7 days post-stroke
BBT (blocks/min)
Low-dose group: 10.2 ± 12.8
High-dose group: 9.3 ± 11
FMA-UE-AD
Low-dose group: 33.2 ± 21
High-dose group: 33.6 ± 19.1
Hand grip strength (kg)
Low-dose group: 12.0 ± 13
High-dose group: 11.0 ± 10
Palmar pinch strength (kg)
Low-dose group: 1.9 ± 2.4
High-dose group:1.4 ± 2.4
Key pinch strength (kg)
Low-dose group: 2.7 ± 3
High-dose group: 2.3 ± 3
Tip pinch strength (kg)
Low-dose group: 1.4 ± 1.8
High-dose group: 1.3 ± 1.4
7
Kattenstroth et al., 2018 [31] (71) 12:34 RSS group: 64 (34–86)
Sham: 59 (43–89)
Early sub-acute:
3–4 weeks post-stroke
Grip (Dynamometer)
RSS: 15.55 ± 10.07 kg
Sham: 32.9 ± 8.63 kg
MRC: RSS: 3.73 ± 2.68
Sham: 3.98 ± 1.49
Frenchay arm test:
RSS: 3.48 ± 619
Sham 3.5 ± 5.99
Wolf Motor Function test:
RSS:11.76 ± 16.42
Sham: 11.56 ± 4.91
RSS group: 5.58 ± 3.22
Sham: 5.17 ± 2.23
6
Klaiput et al., 2009 [13] (10) RSS group: 2:8
Sham: 4:6
RSS group: 63.0 ± 11
Sham: 64.4 ± 10
Early/late sub-acute:
RSS group: 38.9 ± 54 days post stroke
Sham: 11.9 ± 10 days post stroke
Pinch/grip (hand evaluator kit) 8
Peurala et al., 2002 [32] (59) 18:42 54.4 ± 10 Chronic:
3.3 (7–14) years post-stroke
MMAS: 33.7 ± 10
Limb skin sensation 11.2 ± 6
4
  1. Legend: All ages and outcome scores are mean ± SD/(range) unless stated. JTHFT Jebsen Taylor Hand function test, FM UE Fugl Meyer Upper Extremity Assessment Section, NIHSS National institute of Health Stroke Scale, BBT Box and block test, MMAS Modified Motor Assessment Scale, MRC Medical Research Council Scale.