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Table 1 Baseline and demographic characteristics of the participants and descriptive statistics. Values are expressed as mean (standard deviation). Δ = difference

From: Comparison of the effectiveness of manual massage, long-wave diathermy, and sham long-wave diathermy for the management of delayed-onset muscle soreness: a randomized controlled trial

 Group
sLWD n = 19rLWD n = 17Massage n = 19
Age, years36.6 (6.8)39.4 (7.4)40.8 (9.2)
Pre-treatment NPRS score5.8 (2.2)5.6 (1.4)5.7 (2.3)
Post-treatment NPRS score
ANOVA, F = 023 and p = 0.79
3.1 (1.9)3.3 (1.6)3.3 (2.1)
Pre-post treatment Δ
ANOVA, F = 0.08 and p = 0.91
2.7 (2.0)2.3 (1.5)2.4 (1.2)
Relative proportion attaining a result equal or higher than 2 points in the pre-post treatment NPRS63,1%64.7%68.4%