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Table 2 Rating scales of the study population (n = 98)

From: Does the awareness of having a lumbar spondylolisthesis influence self-efficacy and kinesiophobia? A retrospective analysis

VariableNo.%
Pain self-efficacy
 PSEQ-I (mean – sd)30.44 ± 14.11 
 PSEQ-I > 402323.47%
 PSEQ-I ≤ 407576.53%
Pain
 NRS (mean - sd)48.56 ± 17.57 
 NRS 0 = no Pain00
 NRS 1–3 = Mild Pain2626.53%
 NRS 4–6 = Moderate Pain5253.06%
 NRS 7–10 = Severe Pain2020.41%
Kinesiophobia
 TSK-I (mean - sd))32.9 ± 7.53 
 TSK-I-1 Activity Avoidance (mean – sd)41.38 ± 3.44 
 TSK-I-2 Harm (mean – sd)28.36 ± 4.66 
 TSK-I > 373030.61%
 TSK-I ≤ 376869.39%
  1. NRS Numerical Rating Scale
  2. PSEQ-I Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire – Italian version
  3. TSK-I Tampa Scale ok Kinesiophobia – Italian version