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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the study population (n = 98)

From: Does the awareness of having a lumbar spondylolisthesis influence self-efficacy and kinesiophobia? A retrospective analysis

Variable %
Gender
 Female 59
 Male 41
Married
 Yes 64,3
 No 35,7
Education
 Elementary school 0
 Middle school 5,1
 High school 45,9
 University 49
Smoking
 Yes 34,7
 No 65,3
Pain duration (mean – sd)14 (months) 12,37
Drugs
 No 53
 Yes (NSAIDs, pain killers, etc) 47